Charlestown is a neighborhood of Boston located on a peninsula to the north of the Charles River, across from downtown Boston. Charlestown was originally a separate town and the first capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. On June 17, 1775 Charlestown was the site of the infamous Battle of Bunker Hill. While the British won the battle and took the hill, they suffered heavy losses, with over 800 wounded and 226 killed, including a large number of officers. This is seen as an important battle of the Revolutionary War because the American colonists showed they could stand up to the British in traditional open field combat.
Rebuilt after it was burned by the British following the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775, Charlestown is home to such significant landmarks as the U.S.S. Constitution, the Bunker Hill Monument and the Navy Yard. Charlestown’s allure has enticed a new generation of immigrants and young professionals to join its traditionally Irish-American population. Residents, new and old, frequent the local restaurants and establishments along Main Street and in City Square.