Jamaica Plain was originally founded as a part of the city of Roxbury by Boston Puritans seeking farm land. The community seceded from Roxbury as a part of the new town of West Roxbury in 1851, and became part of Boston when West Roxbury was annexed to Boston in 1874. In the 19th century, Jamaica Plain became one of the first “streetcar suburbs” in America and home to a significant portion of Boston’s famous Emerald Necklace of parks, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted.
By the turn of the 21st century, the neighborhood had attracted a large community of college-educated professionals, political activists and artists. Jamaica Plain has evolved into one of Boston’s most diverse and dynamic neighborhoods. The ethnically diverse area is home to many Latinos, young families, and a growing gay and lesbian community. This blend of cultures is reflected in local businesses, such as the many different restaurants which line Centre Street, one of its main thoroughfares. Residents and visitors enjoy walking, biking, and running along Jamaica Pond situated, part of Boston’s Emerald Necklace.